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Voluntary Offer Agreement Iaea


The five Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty States (China, France, Russia, the United Kingdom and the United States) are not required to have IAEA safeguards agreements under the NPT. However, all five have signed voluntary safeguards agreements allowing the IAEA to apply safeguard measures to materials located in selected eligible facilities. These are nuclear materials and civilian sites. The five nuclear-weapon States have also concluded additional protocols to the voluntary security agreements. A protocol on small quantities may be concluded in conjunction with a comprehensive safeguard agreement. Protocols of small quantities are currently available for States that have only minimal or no nuclear material and no nuclear material in a facility. The legal framework for IAEA safeguards contains a number of elements.